Lost in Migration

16 years ago I started a podcast. It was an exciting time for educational technology. For those with long memories, you might recall that there was a huge shift taking place at the time in the way we use the internet, called Web 2.0. For those who were paying attention, this shift changed almost everything about the way we understood the web. It went from a one-way, information consumption experience to being a two-way, participatory experience that spawned a huge wave of ordinary people who were suddenly able to easily produce and publish their own content to the web. Around this time the world discovered blogs, wikis, podcasts, and all manner of innovative web tools designed to help anyone find their voice and connect with an audience.

I was curious to play in this new sandpit. Like many others, I started a blog, set up a wiki, signed up for every exciting new service that came along, like YouTube, Twitter and MySpace, and began to explore what this Web 2.0 shift was about, and as a teacher, how I might use it. They were exciting years for technology and for the ways in which educators were experimenting with these new tools.

It was 2006, and as part of this first wave of Web 2.0 users I wanted to try this new thing called podcasting. In a fit of enthusiasm, I opened up a tool called GarageBand on my recently purchased MacBook Pro, and started playing around with it. After lots of experimenting and playing around, I eventually figured out how to cobble together a system to record both ends of a Skype conversation, and then drop into GarageBand, add some music and effects and produce what I thought was a pretty cool end result.

I was teaching at a school in Canada at the time on a teaching exchange, and often found myself in interesting conversations with other teachers in the staffroom, talking about education, school, technology, and life in general. Inspired by this new possibility of podcasting I started to think that I could perhaps have similar conversations about teaching, with teachers from anywhere in the world, then record and publish them to the web. Much like the conversations around the staffroom table at work, I started to imagine how a podcast might be used to converse in one big global virtual staffroom.

Hence the Virtual Staffroom podcast was born. It began with a simple premise – to have conversations with leading teachers about technology in the classroom. Excited by the chance to learn something new, I delved into finding out more about the technical aspects of audio editing, figuring out RSS feeds and enclosures and how to publish and host these feeds, and then knocking together some graphics for my newly born podcast baby. Then on October 2, 2006, while still living in Toronto Canada, I published my first episode called Learning for Life, which was an interview with my friend Anne Baird back in Australia.

Thanks to the OzTeachers mailing list, at the time a vibrant and active online discussion forum for Australian educators, this first episode instantly found a receptive audience, and soon encouraged me to have a go at a second episode with another teaching friend back in Australia, Michael Cridland, called The New Web. I soon found there was no shortage of innovative educators who were keen to participate in this community podcasting experiment with me and so, almost by accident, I found myself off and running with what turned out to be one of the most successful Australian educational technology podcasts of its day. And while it happened to find a receptive audience who regularly told me how much they got out of listening to it, I can tell you that, for myself, being able to talk with so many incredibly innovative teachers from around the world was one of the most rewarding and enriching professional learning experiences I’ve ever been part of. I got to talk with a literal who’s who of brilliant educators sharing real stories of what happens in real classrooms. It was invigorating and exciting and creative and I loved doing it.

Chris Betcher at the microphone

Production of the Virtual Staffroom continued for some six years, until 2012. Episodes were sometimes published with a regularity that almost resembled a real schedule, and at other times episodes only appeared sporadically when I had time to make them. I didn’t stop producing the podcast for any particular reason, other than that I got busy and life just kept getting in the way. But I certainly missed doing it.

In case you don’t know how these things work, the audio files for a podcast need to be hosted somewhere, and the published feed enclosure just points to them. In my case, the audio files were hosted on server space I was renting from the same hosting provider where this blog is hosted, along with some other files and services. However, at one point, I’m guessing probably around 2014, I decided to upgrade my WordPress blog by migrating to a better hosting plan, and in the process I unknowingly lost the additional server storage space I was using, which included all the audio files for Virtual Staffroom! I didn’t notice for a while and when I finally realised that the audio links no longer worked, and then realised why, I nearly cried. It was devastating to realise that six years of work, some of the work that I was most proud of, were gone, permanently deleted from the GoDaddy servers,

I optimistically thought I had backups of these audio files, but I never managed to find them anywhere. Then a couple of weeks ago, I stumbled across some old portable drives and while combing through them I was elated to discover a backup of all the original Virtual Staffroom audio recordings, stored many folders deep in an old iTunes library backup. I’d resigned myself to the idea that I’d lost them all, so finding them after so many years was a wonderful surprise. I immediately set up an account with podcasting platform anchor.fm, uploaded them all, spent a couple of hours adding the metadata back, and then copied the embed codes back over the blog where they were originally linked. So everything is now back to normal (and of course, now backed up in several places!)

I know it might seem pointless to worry about recordings that are so old as to probably be irrelevant now. I’m well aware they probably don’t matter to anyone else, but they mattered to me.

More importantly, I was reminded of how much I enjoyed podcasting, how much I got from simply participating in the process, and also how much I realised that the work I’d done had been a positive thing for so many others at the time. And I still think the basic concept – conversations with leading teachers about technology in the classroom – is a worthwhile one. So I’ve decided that I’m going to do it again, and revive the podcast. The same basic concept, 10 years later, except with new stories to tell, new people to talk with, and new ideas to share.

So stay tuned. I’m looking for educators with stories and ideas to share. I believe the world needs to hear them. And if you’re a teacher interested in sharing your story, reach out. I’d love to talk with you.

Google Docs vs Word Online – Part 1

As anyone who knows me will attest I spend a lot of time in Google’s productivity suite, Google Workspace. I have used Workspace (previously G Suite, previously Google Apps for Education) for a long time now. In fact I was even an early user of Writely, the online collaborative writing tool that Google acquired back in 2006 that formed the basis of what later became Google Docs. I currently use Docs on an almost daily basis and have used it as my primary word processing tool for well over 10 years.

However, prior to spending a lot of time living in Google land, I did (probably much like everyone else on the planet) use Microsoft Word a lot. As personal computers became a thing in the 90s, Microsoft’s Word and Corel’s Wordperfect battled it out for supremacy, with Word eventually emerging as the closest thing to a “standard” in the world of word processing. Back then I spent a lot of time in Word, and I think I could claim to be fairly proficient with it.

Of course there are many word processing alternatives outside of Microsoft and Google, and I encourage people to explore them.

However, I started to wonder how Google Docs and Microsoft Word stack up against each other these days, so I decided to spend a little time exploring both in a head to head comparison. I mentioned it on Twitter and several people said they would be keen to know what I thought, so read on to find out.

First of all, before we get started, remember that Google Docs is only available as an online web based tool, so I want to make it clear that I am comparing Google Docs to the equivalent web based version of Microsoft Word, called Word Online. I realise the full desktop version of Microsoft Word has a lot of extra bells and whistles (sometimes to the point of making it feel a little unwieldy to me) and the online version is a more simplified version of desktop Word. However, the real reason I am focusing on the online version of Word is because, as one of the many millions of people around the world using a Chromebook, the online version of Word is the only one I have access to, since desktop Word cannot be installed on a Chromebook. I’m not alone there… in the second half of 2021 ChromeOS became the most commonly used computer operating system in education globally, and that’s a trend I only see continuing. Basically, for millions of education users, if it doesn’t work in a browser, it doesn’t work .

Secondly, both Google Docs and Word Online are free to use, but also offer a paid tier for users who want more features and are willing to pay a little more for them. For Google Docs, there are additonal features available to users of Workspace Plus, the paid edition of Workspace. And for Word Online there are additional features available to users who pay extra for the Premium version. For this comparison, I’ll be comparing only the free edition versions of both.

Thirdly, I’m going to try really hard to remain unbiased in my assessment of these two tools. I’ve used both although I obviously have my own preferences. But I’ll try to remain as neutral as I can. There are many instances where both tools can do exactly the same thing in essentially the same way, and which way you prefer or which final result looks better may be just a matter of personal preference. If you think I’m being biased or missing something important, feel free to call me out in the comments.

Right, lets get into it.

I’m running these comparisons on a 14″ HP C640 Chromebook with 8GB RAM, attached to a 27″ 4K external monitor. I am writing on the Chromebook’s main screen and I have both Docs and Word open in two windows side by side on the external monitor. This means that both are using the same system resources, internet connection, etc.

My workdesk setup. HP Chromebook connected to a 27″ 4K monitor

As I compare one feature to another I am literally trying to achieve the same task in each windows using both Docs and Word. Where the same feature exists in both, I’ll perform the same task in as similar a way as I can. If you have never tried to do this before may I suggest you try it. Comparing different tools side by side like this, trying to do the same things, is a great way to compare them. Naturally, you’ll need a Google account for Docs and a Microsoft account for Word. I’ve heard it’s possible to authenticate into either with just one account although I don’t know much about that and have not tried it.

Word and OneDrive, Docs and Google Drive. Not disimilar.

Both tools have a very similar relationship to their online storage. Word Online uses OneDrive and Google Docs uses Google Drive, and each have a specific UI just for their word processors with docs.google.com and office.com/launch/word. Both present a very similar interface and if you’re used to using one, then adapting to the other should be pretty straightforward. As well as a list of your online files, they both offer a selection of templates to choose from. Microsoft is the clear winner in the breadth of their template collections, although it takes a few clicks to drill down into the full collection (there are also many more for premium subscribers) whereas Docs needs only one click to see the full collection, but they both offer a good range of templates across a range of categories. One nice extra that Docs offers is the ability to have domain templates, so if your school or business has specific custom templates they require, these can be presented in a separate domain level collection.

As I begin to compare both Word and Docs, my overwhelming first impression is that both tools have an enormous amount of overlap in both what they can do and how they do it. They have a lot in common and if you know one, then adapting to the other should not be too difficult. Working my way through the menus, it appears that there is very little that one has that the other does not, and all the usual word processing features you’d expect are all there. I expect the devil to be in the details.

The File menu for both has the usual things – Make a new file, open an existing file, make a copy of an existing file (called Save As in Word and Make a Copy in Docs), as well as the ability to export to different formats, print, and share. One difference is that Word can Save As to PDF and ODT formats, and export to PowerPoint. Docs can Download into Word, ODT, RTF, PDF, TXT, HTML and EPUB, so perhaps more versatile if you are looking to change the format of your file.

The File menu in Docs offers features that can also be found in Word, although Word places some of them under different menus. One unique feature that Docs does offer here is the ability to Publish to the Web. It is something I do use fairly often, and I can’t find an equivalent feature in Word.

Moving across some of the other menus, both tools offer the ability to do all the usual things you’d expect in terms of text editing – cut, copy, paste, undo, redo, bold, italic, underline, strikethrough, text and highlight colouring, a variety of different bullet types, indenting, spacing and so on. They both have expected features like Table of Contents, Version History, Word Count, Rulers, Navigation/Document Outline, etc. It’s all there. Word has the edge when it comes to the different types of bullet icons it offers, with diamonds and stars and arrows and even smiley faces, although Docs does offer a few different varieties as well. Where I think Docs might have an edge here is with the new checklist bullets, which allow you to create interactive checklists which can be ticked and automatically put a strikethrough the associated bullet item. It’s a nice touch made possible thanks to the new underlying canvas technology in Docs. More on that later.

Word has more flexibility for bulleted lists, but it’s hard to beat Docs’ interactive checklists

Both tools support the insertion of images from the web, with Word relying on Bing search and Docs obviously using Google search. Which you prefer is up to you. Both return copyright free, creative commons images. Beyond images from the web, there are some important differences though. Word offers the ability to insert images from your local drive (aka This Device), OneDrive, Stock Images or Bing. Docs provides more options by allowing images to be inserted from your local drive (aka Upload from Computer), the web, Google Drive, Google Photos, by URL and from the camera. That camera option is a big deal. I’ve found that being able to easily snap an image using your computer’s webcam and add it directly into the document is a huge timesaver in classrooms. I’m surprised Word is missing it.

The Insert Stock Images option in Word is interesting as it provides access to a large collection of professionally shot photos ready to insert into your document. To access the full collection of images requires a premium plan, so I’m not sure exactly how many you get with the free plan. To be honest, I’ve never really been disappointed with the images that turn up from a regular Google image search, but it’s nice that Microsoft offers this feature. For Docs users looking for a similar thing, the best option would be an AddOn from Pixabay or UnSplash images, which offer amazing free stock images, although of course as an AddOn it would be subject to your organisation’s policy on third party tools.

This would also be a good time to point out that the Google way of surfacing most of these user interactions is via a narrow panel on the right hand side of the screen, whereas Microsoft tend to use a floating window right in the middle of the screen. Personally I prefer the Google approach here as it doesn’t block my view of the document at all, but both work ok and it’s really just a matter of personal preference.

Docs uses a left hand panel for most interactions while Word tends to use a floating dialog on the main screen

I created a document with each tool and did the following tasks…

  • Added a block of text
  • Added a heading and used the Heading 1 style to format it
  • Inserted a picture from the web
  • Inserted a 3 x 4 table and added some content
  • Added a page number
  • Added a comment to a text selection
  • Added a comment with an @reply to flag a specific person

This is a fairly simple list of basic tasks, but a few things struck me. First, both tools had no trouble doing these basic tasks and obviously all the necessary tools are present. In this regard there’s not much difference. That said, I prefered the way Docs felt less cluttered. There was some spacing included between the Heading and the body text, there was some padding around the table cell content, and the default text for Docs felt less cramped to me. Docs defaults to Arial 11 and Word to Calibri 11. Despite being the same point size, Calibri looks smaller and felt a little crowded to me. I realise that all of these settings can be changed, but with the defaults this was my first impression. Again, maybe I’m just used to the less cramped feel of Docs, so you may completely disagree with me here.

Let’s talk about fonts for a moment. I think this is arguably a win for Google Docs. Being web based, both systems use webfonts rather than locally installed fonts. The list of available fonts in Word Online offers only 21 different typefaces to choose from, and many of these look quite similar. I cannot find any obvious way to extend or customise this list. It seems you are stuck with these 21 fonts, at least on a Chromebook.

On the other hand, Docs has enormous fexibility with font selection, and can tap into the entire collection of Google Fonts (currently around 1000 typefaces with more on the way).

Word, left, has only 21 fonts and no obvious way to add more. Docs, right, has access to the entire Google Fonts collection using the More Fonts menu item.

Choosing the More Fonts option opens a dialog that allows you to customise your font list. You can search by script type, style and popularity, and then selecting a font you like will add it to your permanent font list. You can add the fonts you like and remove the ones you don’t. I’m giving Google Docs the win on this one.

The other thing that seems like Google does better on is @mentions in comments. Unless I’m doing something wrong, I don’t seem to be able to get an @mention to work in a Word Online comment. In case you’re not sure what I mean, when leaving a comment in Google Docs, you can type an @ symbol followed a name or email address and that person will get an email notification to alert them to the fact that a comment as been left for them. You can even check a box to assign that comment to a person as an action item and they will be notified that they need to respond. Maybe I’m just missing something but I cannot seem to get Word Online to do the same thing, which frankly surprised me. If you know how I can get this to work, please drop a note in the comments. But based on what I can see, this is another clear win for Google Docs.

Docs, right, turns @mentions into links that email the person, and can also assign comments to people for response. I can’t see how to do the same in Word

Word can still add comments to a document, I just can’t see how to include @mentions. On the positive side, I do kind of like how Word adds a little speech bubble icon in the right margin to indicate a comment is present, whereas Docs retains a dimmed yellow highlight on the selected text to indicate a comment is present. I think the Word approach is neater, but the Docs approach is probably more functional for easily seeing exactly what has been commented on. Clicking the speech bubble in Word re-highlights the text in gray, so you can see the selection, but I think the Google approach is more practical. Or maybe I’m just more used to it.

I’m genuinely trying not to appear as a Docs fanboy here, but things like customisable fonts and active commenting are important features that seen to be simply missing in Word Online. Maybe these features are present in the desktop version of Word, but again, as a Chromebook user that does not help me.

Let’s talk about voice typing. Both Word and Docs supports speech to text. Docs calls it Voice Typing and Word calls it Dictate. Both support a number of different languages and dialects. To test this, I selected a random book from my bookshelf (Start with Why by Simon Sinek, in case you’re curious), opened to a random page and read a random paragraph into both Word and Docs. Both did a good job and transcribed my voice accurately with no errors. Both allowed me to dictate punction like ‘full stop’, ‘comma’ and ‘new paragraph’ and in fact Word has an option to turn on Auto Punctuation, which seems to do a good job. Overall though, there’s not much to split the two when it comes to speech to text.

Let me give some kudos to Word for a bit. As an online word processor Word does ok, and in some regards does better than Docs. Let’s talk about some of the things that Word does really well.

Word has better pen tools when inserting Drawing. Both Docs and Word can insert a Drawing into the document, and both do it in a very similar way. Select the Insert > Drawing option in either tool and a small canvas opens inviting you to use shapes and drawing tools to create a diagram or drawing, which then embeds into the page when you close the editor. The drawing editor for Word has two tabs, Insert and Draw, and the Draw tab has dedicated pen, highlight and eraser tools, making it easy to add annotations, especially if your device supports a stylus. That said, you can get the same result in Docs Drawings by selecting the Scribble option. It works, but it’s not as elegant as the pen tools in Word.

However, I do like the fact that Docs can also insert a pre-existing Drawing from my Drive as well as create one on the fly. That’s pretty handy. Overall though, both Drawing options are pretty equal.

There’s not a lot to split the two drawing canvases, although Word’s pen tools are probably more intuitiuve than the Scribble tool, although they can still do the same things.

Another nice win for Word is the options it provides for frames around images. After inserting an image in Word you can select from a variety of different frames, shapes, effects, etc. I’m not sure how many of them I’d actually use though, and to be honest a lot of them feel a bit gimmicky, but if you like this sort of thing, well, Word can do it and Docs can’t. Both Word and Docs offer a range of options for controlling how text wraps with an image – inline, square, behind, in front – as well as rotation, size, cropping and aspect ratio lock. Docs does get a few points for it’s simple image editing tools, which allow you to adjust the transparency, brightness and contrast, as well as pick from some basic recolouring effects. They’re not amazing, but they sometimes come in handy. I can’t see anything similar in Word. I don’t use the effects in Docs often, and I doubt I’d use the frames in Word much, so it’s up to you what you think of these features.

Word has image frames, Docs has image effects. You choose.

Where Word does have a very useful feature that Docs does not, is the Immersive Reader. Teachers who use Word swear by the Immersive reader and I can understand why. For struggling readers, it can read the text aloud, identify grammatical parts of speech with colour coding, do translations and so on. It’s a useful tool, and a clear benefit for Word users.

Mind you, there is an Immersive Reader extension for Chrome, that looks exactly the same as the one in Word, and mostly works the same too. Unfortunately, it seems to not be able to read text in a Doc, only from webpages. However, if you want to be able to have text in a Doc read aloud by your Chromebook, just enable the Select to Speak function in the Accessibility Settings and the problem is solved. Just highlight any text anywhere on your Chromebook by holding the Search key as you draw a box around the text and it will be read aloud. It’s a great solution, built into ChromeOS, but I can’t take anything away from Immersive Reader. It’s a pretty useful addition to Word.

There are some brilliant Chrome Extensions that can also fill the gap of literacy support, such as Texthelp’s Read and Write, so if you want that kind of support for your students, it’s still available.

I’ve always been surprised that Docs cannot embed an online YouTube video directly into a page. I know technically it’s a word processor, which historically produces printed output, so I kind of understand that a video may not make sense in print, but come on Google… clearly many Docs never get printed and being able to embed video seems like a good idea. However, all is not lost. With the move to the underlying canvas technology in Docs you can now add a YouTube video as a link, which opens in a pop up player, so you can indeed watch a video from inside a Doc, although it’s not technically embedded into the page the same way it would be in a Google Slide for example. Word, on the other hand, can embed a video directly into the page, and also supports other platforms besides YouTube, such as Vimeo, Flipgrid, TED, etc. It’s kind of annoying that Google only support YouTube.

Word, left, embeds video directly into the page, wheras Docs, right, has a popup player that can be invoked from the link on the page. Both work, but the pop up player in Docs has some usability advantages.

While the ability to embed a video seems like a good idea, I must admit that one big advantage of the non-embedded approach used by Google Docs is that the user can also scroll the page, edit text, etc, while watching the video in the player. This could be useful for asking students to watch a video while also referring to information in the Doc or even editing the Doc at the same time. Having the video embedded, as Word does, means you can’t actually scroll far without the video disappearing off the page, so the pop up player probably is the more functional choice.

Word also has a Resumé Assistant built in, powered by LinkedIn. Given that Microsoft owns LInkedIn, it’s no real surprise. I’m not sure how useful this feature is to you, but if it is, Word has it, Docs doesn’t.

There is a couple of other ‘wizard-y’ things that Word has, like the ‘Designer’ and the ‘Editor’. The Designer honestly feels like a gimmick to me, and I doubt I’d ever use it. It’s similar to the Explore tool in Google Slides, which helps you pretty up your Slides, and while it’s clever, I rarely use it. The Editor has some useful looking tools for assisting with writing such as an analysis tool for clarity, conciseness, formality, inclusiveness, etc, but these are part of the premium toolset and not available in the free version. The only non-paid functionality in the Editor is a spelling and grammar check, which Docs also has.

One of the tests I often use for a spellchecker is the phrase “icland is an icland”. Despite both words being spelled incorrectly, Google Docs is smart enough to know that the first word should be “Iceland” and the second “island”, to read “Iceland is an island”. The Docs spellcheck correctly identifies this mistake and offers to fix it correctly in both place. The Word spellcheck, while also suggesting the correct word, goes on to suggest other words that are not correct, such as “inland”. To my way of thinking, a spellcheck is most helpful when it just suggests the correct answer, not when it suggests a bunch of possibly correct, and some incorrect answers.

Word suggests the correct spelling, but also a bunch of incorrect spellings too. That’s not as helpful as it should be.

One of the really glaring omissions for Word Online is the lack of a built in dictionary. I find this really surprising for a word processor. Of course, Word for desktop has this feature, but not Word Online. Really strange. In Docs, you simply highlight a term from your writing and then choose Tools > Dictionary to see it pop up on the right side panel with the full dictionary definition. You can also type a search word directly into the dictionary of course. It’s a clear win for Google Docs here, as the dictionary is completely missing in Word Online.

Which brings me to a few things in Google Docs that I think are also clear wins. I’ve mentioned the fact that Google Docs now runs on an underlying technology called canvas. It allows for some AI smarts to be helpful for writers working in a Doc. For example, if you’re typing in a Doc and you type an @ symbol, Docs will pop up a list of options of people, places, events, other documents, etc, and invite you to add what it calls a “Smart Chip” to the page. Smart Chips are clickable links to these things – people, places, events, etc – that make the document more interactive and way more helpful. If you haven’t yet used them, just type @ in docs and see what happens. Give them a try, they are super helpful.

Speaking of helpful, the integration with Google Keep is brilliant in Docs. You can open Keep from the right side launcher and drag objects, images, text from Keep directly into your Doc. You can also right click on any text or image in your Doc and “Save to Keep” making it easy to collect ideas and reuse them as needed. This Keep integration is a hugely underrated feature of Docs, and if you haven’t tried it, do.

While not offering the same two way integration, the same side launcher panel also offers the ability to look at your ToDo list, your Contact List and even Google Maps, all while still in your document. I find these intergrations really handy. Unfortunately for Word users, nothing like this seems to exist in Word Online.

Direct integrations with Keep, Maps, etc are really helpful for staying focused in Google Docs.

Another incredibly useful feature in Docs is the citation tool. Student can use this tool to collect metadata about books, journals, websites, etc that they might have used for their research, and the citation tool will then assemble it into a neat bibliography using APA, MLA or Chicago format. It also supports inline citations as well. While both Docs and Word support footnotes (and Word also has endnotes) the citation tool is a very special advantage that Docs users can make use of while Word users miss out.

I could keep going with additional comparisons, but the bottom line is this. Both Google Docs and Word Online have a great deal in common, and will easily do many of the essential word processing tasks you would expect. There are no really obvious flaws with either, and there should be nothing to prevent you from switching from one to the other – particularly people who have used Word for a long time and for whatever reason are being ‘forced’ to use Docs. I hear people say things like “Oh, but Docs can’t do this or that”, but the reality is, it probably can. In fact, Docs almost certainly does way more than you think it does!

My overall impression is that Google Docs has the edge in this comparison, and while that may be my bias or preference coming through, I think I could make a good argument for why I believe it’s the better choice. With the exception of one or two things that Word does well, Docs does everything else equally well, and in many cases better. I’ve avoided making judgements on the UI and UX (dropdown menus vs The Ribbon) or the number of clicks required to achieve a task, or the aesthetics of the design, or whether the dialog boxes seem logically laid out, because a lot of that is a matter of preference or personal taste.

If we were comparing Google Docs to the full desktop version of Word, it may be a different story. Obviously desktop Word has a huge feature set, full of impressively powerful features, some that are incredibly useful and some that are rarely used (or maybe never discovered). This is both the blessing and the curse of most full-featured software. Overall, I must admit I like the understated simplicity of Google Docs. It does a lot more than you might think because the designers have worked hard to keep it simple. And of course, desktop Word doesn’t run on a Chromebook, so again, it’s a moot point for millions of people around the world who, for whatever reason, choose ChromeOS as their operating system of choice.

Neither Google Docs nor Word Online do everything that desktop Word can do. And that’s ok. They don’t need to. They just need to to the majority of the things that the majority of people need done, and to do them well, fast and simply. The fact that they are both web-based, and not filled with more features and functions than most people need is, in my opinion, a positive thing for both. I do think Docs has a slight advantage in that regard because by not having a desktop version, Google has worked hard at bringing all the really important features to it, whereas Word Online can afford to miss a few things here and there because people always have the option of moving to desktop Word if they really need that other stuff. Unless you use a Chromebook of course, in which case Docs seems like a better option because it’s all in one place and not split across two different versions of the tool, one online and one desktop.

But look, at the end of the day, you should use whatever tool you prefer, and take advantage of whatever it gives you and deal with whatever it doesn’t. The fact that both products can do what they do in just a web browser, without actually being installed on your computer at all, is frankly astounding and the computer science equivalent of black magic.

As always, your feedback is welcomed in the comments. I’m very happy to hear your thoughts on where you might agree or disagree with me.

The thing I have NOT covered here – the really important thing – is how these two tools compare in a test of online collaboration. As online tools, the thing that makes them truly special is how well they allow people to share and collaborate in real time. How they allow people to simultaneously work together in the same document. This was always the strength of Google Docs and has been in Docs’ DNA from day one. Of course Microsoft has done a lot of catch up work to bring this same kind of collaboration into their tools now, so I would like to do a Part 2 of this review, after getting a group of people to help me hammer these two tools in a collaborative environment to see how they stack up.

More to come!

Drone Nerding

Thanks to lockdown in Sydney I haven’t been out of the house a lot over the last few months, but this morning I took my drone down to Scylla Oval at Como to get some air time. As well as being a fairly scenic part of Sydney, it’s also an area with no airspace restrictions for drones as it avoids the flightpaths for both Sydney and Bankstown airports, and is outside the 3NM limits for both of them, so there are no annoying geo zones to have to unlock.

As well as just getting out of the house, enjoying the sunshine and having some air time, there were two new reasonably nerdy drone things I wanted to try out.

One was the new livestreaming feature in the latest release of the DJI Fly app (v1.4.12, in case you’re interested) where the drone camera can send its feed directly to YouTube. This is pretty easy to set up just by going to your YouTube account and from the Live Streaming page, grabbing the stream URL and unique stream key, appending them together like so, rtmp://a.rtmp.youtube.com/live2/xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx, then adding them to the Fly app as an RMTP link.

You’ll find your stream settings on the livestream page in YouTube Studio

Once you do that you can use the Fly app to send what the camera sees live to YouTube and share your flight with the world. I’m not sure what I’d use this for yet, but it’s pretty cool to know that it’s an option. To be clear, this 1080p HD video below was not captured to the SD Card and downloaded after the flight, it was streamed live to YouTube over a 5G connection as the drone was flown.

Live footage captured from the Mavic Air 2

The second thing was my Dronelink software, which I bought a while ago but hadn’t had a chance to try out. Dronelink allows you to create “missions” in advance on your computer and then upload those missions to the drone to fly autonomously. In plain language, you can plot out your exact flight path, including altitude, camera angles, etc, and then have the drone execute that mission for you. On the Mavic Air 2 it uses a technique called Virtual Sticks, which basically means that the computer will fly for you, sending inputs to the drone as though you were manipulating the flight control sticks yourself. Of course, I had VLOS (Visual Line of Sight) at all times and was ready to take over the controls and abort the mission if needed, but the two missions I flew were exactly as planned, and I’m pretty impressed with the way DroneLink works.

Another thing you can do with Dronelink is to use the Map component to plot out a grid pattern over a selected area, and have the drone autonomously follow that grid while automatically taking photos of the ground below. This is how you create a high resolution map image of an area, known as an orthomosaic. By taking a set of images, which individually are reasonably high resolution but don’t cover a large area, you can later use image processing software to stitch them together into a much larger, very high res image.

I selected just a small part of Scylla Oval to fly a grid over and Dronelink calculated the appropriate flight path and settings based on the 25m altitude I set.

Planning the mission path using DroneLink on the web

Flying the mission was as easy as pressing the play button in the app. The drone took off, flew to the start point, followed the grid while taking a photo every 5m or so. After flying the mission it automatically returned home and landed. It was a bit nerve racking the first time, as I watched it fly off, hoping it would follow the instructions, but it was faultless. While I can fly it ok manually (I am a fully CASA qualified UAV Remote Pilot) it was definitely pretty cool handing over to the computer like this and having the whole thing happen autonomously. The drone returned with 58 JPEG images, each almost 6MB in size. Do the math, that’s 348MB, which is quite a lot of image!

Back at home, I used the Photomerge feature in Photoshop to stitch them together into a single image. Even though the individual images were basically all just grass, Photomerge was able to identify patterns and patches in the grass, the cricket pitch, etc, to pull them all together, then blend them to account for aperture variations, etc. The resulting file was pretty huge (a single 11,532px by 10,963px image at 168MB), and it was clear that Photoshop was really working hard to bring it together, but it worked.

Stitched image of Scylla Oval taken from a drone
58 aerial shots taken at 25m altitude stitched into a single composite image (10% of actual size)

I’m looking forward to trying this technique on something a little more interesting than some grass in a park, but as a proof of concept, I’m pleased with it. If you’d like to see the full resolution 160MB image you can take a look here. (It was too big for WordPress’s upload limit so its hosted on Google Photos where you can zoom in on it. I also dropped a 360 Panorama taken from the drone in there as well, just in case you’re interested in getting your bearings by seeing a more in-situ version of the ground)

I don’t expect many of you will find this nearly as interesting as I did, but there you go, you got it regardless.